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The world is constantly facing a multitude of threats and health challenges, as well. With population explosion being one of our most significant issues, there are a range of outbreaks and diseases that plague our planet no matter how many vaccines we design, to fight them. Growing rates of drug-resistant pathogens, obesity becoming a prevalent issue and physical inactivity increasing more and more, we need to do all we can to make sure that the general mass knows these issues and we, humans who are affected by these issues need to do something about it. Even though it may not actually cause cataclysmic changes, we at least have to try. We need to hope, without hope we are lost.
To address so many of these threats, the year 2019 has seen the start of the WHO’s (World Health Organization) 5-year plan. This plan targets on a triple billion mass. They want to ensure that at least 1 billion people benefit from universal health coverage, another billion are protected from health emergencies, and the other billion enjoy a proper way of life, in terms of health. Below I have listed the top issues that demand the attention of the WHO:
- Climate change and air pollution have increased radically in the last two decades. With the emergence of the digital age, there have been too many people in the cities, which means too many vehicles polluting the air. Air pollution doesn’t just happen by cars or trucks; it happens by large factories, emitting harmful smoke and gases into the atmosphere, which destroys the fresh air that we NEED. 9/10 people breathe polluted air, and as you can see the numbers are true, YOU are probably one of those people breathing polluted air, if you live in Delhi or China; as they are the most polluted places on the planet. Climate change is real. The temperature is warmer by 3 degrees, and this number increases every year.
- Non- communicable diseases like diabetes, heart disease and cancer are together responsible for more than 70% of all deaths across the planet. These diseases are the leading cause of premature deaths (ages 30-60).
- Vulnerable and fragile settings play a huge role as more than 1.8 billion souls (22% of the entire global population) live in areas where there is severe drought, famine, population explosions, intense conflicts, severely weak health services, etc.
- Vaccine hesitancy can be construed as the reluctance or even refusal to vaccinate themselves despite the fact that there is an availability of vaccines. Vaccination is one of the best and cost-effective ways to avoid diseases, and it currently prevents 3-4 million deaths per year.
The environment is why we are able to live, breathe and carry out our everyday activities. Without the atmosphere and the environment, there would be no humans, no animals, and no life. The biotic hemisphere largely depends on the environment for its survival; we thrive in a good environment with fresh air. But we are not doing anything that affects our environment in a good way. We, humans, have been known to cut down trees, dump our garbage in landfills and oceans, even in freshwater rivers, etc. We are literally killing our planet, the only thing that can sustain life in this solar system. Here is a list of ways how the environment can affect our health:
1. Global emission rates have indeed started sky-rocketing in the past few decades, and we can simply chalk this up to the increased amount of people on the planet. There are currently billions of vehicles travelling up and about; a majority of them do not have any sort of emission control or emission dampeners. This has lead to the complete pollution of our environment. Nine out of ten people on this planet breathe in polluted air; this affects our internal organs horribly because our bodies were designed to accept clean air (oxygen rich). It can even be said that the environment is getting polluted because of uncontrolled factory emissions. This releases harmful gases into the atmosphere, which makes the air quality very poor, which in turn affects us. For example: The capital city of India which is Delhi and it is considered to be one of the most contaminated and polluted places on the planet. So much so that it has started discoloring the Taj Mahal, which was indeed white, but that cannot be said anymore.
2. Deforestation is making an enormous impact on our environment, and it has to be stopped. The only things that can fight these uncontrollable emissions are trees, which pump out clean, breathable oxygen. Trees are literally our saviors because they take in the carbon-di-oxide that we breathe out and release oxygen into the environment. We have to make sure that deforestation comes to a halt, and even if that is impossible, we have all the rights to plant trees everywhere, this will definitely help us in the long run. Believe me; it is no fun fighting for life on a desolate, barren land.
3. Water pollution has successfully begun destroying the water quality. We need to stop emptying our wastes into water bodies like lakes, rivers, oceans and seas. Where do you think our water source comes from? The water bodies; by polluting the water bodies, we are sentencing ourselves to death because if we consume polluted water, we will surely be in a pit of health issues. Therefore we need to find a better solution to disposing of our wastes.